Social, cultural and religious conflicts roiled the cauldron of politics in the 17th century. When a leader lost an election one month, he might lose a vital organ the next. Energetic partisans altered more than one national destiny with elective surgery on the body politic…and, that was only domestic political violence. Emerging European empires raised the level of international violence worldwide. The Short-Docs here explore the turbulent politics of the 17th century and how they changed our world.

Steven Pincus on The Origins of the First Navigation Act
Pincus, author and Professor of History at Yale, explains the reasons behind the controversial Navigation Act that the English Rump Parliament passed in 1651.


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