Social, cultural and religious conflicts roiled the cauldron of politics in the 17th century. When a leader lost an election one month, he might lose a vital organ the next. Energetic partisans altered more than one national destiny with elective surgery on the body politic…and, that was only domestic political violence. Emerging European empires raised the level of international violence worldwide. The Short-Docs here explore the turbulent politics of the 17th century and how they changed our world.

Ronald Hutton on Charles II's Exile and Restoration
Ronald Hutton, author and Professor of History at Bristol University, explains why Charles II continued to live in exile after Cromwell came to power, and describes the events that led to his eventual restoration as King of England.


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