Social, cultural and religious conflicts roiled the cauldron of politics in the 17th century. When a leader lost an election one month, he might lose a vital organ the next. Energetic partisans altered more than one national destiny with elective surgery on the body politic…and, that was only domestic political violence. Emerging European empires raised the level of international violence worldwide. The Short-Docs here explore the turbulent politics of the 17th century and how they changed our world.

Jonathan Israel on The Beginning of the Dutch Republic
Jonathan Israel, Professor of History at the Institute for Advanced Studies in Princeton, NJ, explains for us why the Dutch revolted against the Spanish crown and how that lead to the creation of the small, but very powerful, Dutch Republic.


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