Social, cultural and religious conflicts roiled the cauldron of politics in the 17th century. When a leader lost an election one month, he might lose a vital organ the next. Energetic partisans altered more than one national destiny with elective surgery on the body politic…and, that was only domestic political violence. Emerging European empires raised the level of international violence worldwide. The Short-Docs here explore the turbulent politics of the 17th century and how they changed our world.

Jonathan Israel on The Amboyna Massacre
Jonathan Israel, Professor of History at the Institute for Advanced Studies in Princeton, NJ, describes why the Amboyna Massacre had such a considerable effect in shaping English attitudes toward the Dutch in the 17th Century.


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