Social, cultural and religious conflicts roiled the cauldron of politics in the 17th century. When a leader lost an election one month, he might lose a vital organ the next. Energetic partisans altered more than one national destiny with elective surgery on the body politic…and, that was only domestic political violence. Emerging European empires raised the level of international violence worldwide. The Short-Docs here explore the turbulent politics of the 17th century and how they changed our world.

Jonathan Israel on The Dutch East India Company
The Dutch East India Company (often called the VOC after its Dutch name: Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie), was the first large-scale joint stock company for long-distance trade. Here, Jonathan Israel, Professor of History at the Institute for Advanced Studies in Princeton, NJ, discusses the VOC's unique disposition in the early 17th Century.


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